Indonesia Volcano

Surabaya Bromo Ijen Sukamade Tours 5D

Surabaya Bromo Ijen Sukamade Tours 5D

Bali Ijen Bromo Surabaya Tour

Day 01: Surabaya To Mount Bromo Hotel

Meeting Point at Hotel at your hotel/train station or airport in Surabaya. Our proferional staff will pick you up then escord you to the Hotel in Cemoro Lawang Village Bromo. it will take about 3-4 hours by private car including stop having lunch at local restauran. upon arrival in Cemoro lawang Village Bromo area you will stay overnight where located on the rim of Mt Bromo.

Madakaripura Waterfall (optional tour)

If you still have enough time & the weather is good enough, you will have a chance to visit Madakaripura waterfall during the way from Malang or Surabaya to your hotel in Mt Bromo area but for entrance tickets & local guide at Madakaripura waterfall will be your own cost.

Day 02: Bromo Sunrise Tour, Bromo Trekking Tour –  To Ijen Hotel

Madakaripura WaterfallAround At 3:30 am 4WD (JEEP) to bring us to reach parking area in Mount Pananjakan Bromo. Bromo Sunrise at Mount Penanjakan the most amazing views in the world! That’s fair enough reason to get ready as quickly as possible and set off on a hike in darkness alongside few others. Most tourist opt for easy organised jeep tour to take them to the Mount Bromo (2392 m) and Penanjakan viewpoint (2700 m). It take about 45 minute driving. Afterward, you are required to walk till the place as known as view point to see sunrise with its young volcanic including Mount Bromo and an active Mount Semeru as background.

Note: We suggest you to visit Kingkong Hill Point for sunrise tour, Kingkong Hill give you best views for Mount Bormo also Sunrise.  If it is not foggy, the sunlight when the sunrise will play light shadow which it come up from the sidelines of the mountains and it will give impression like unforgettable Holiday.

Afterward, your trip will continue to the amazing view on the slope of Mt. Bromo by passing sea of sand. Our jeep will bring us to continue our trip to reach the parking area of mount bromo trekking. you are required to cross seas sand on the slope of Mt. Bromo by horse riding or on foot (it is optional) till reach the stairs up (more than 250 stairs) at the slope of Mt Bromo which it will lead you to reach peak of Mt Bromo.

After satisfied to enjoy nice view in Mt. Bromo and around at at 08:00, we will escort you back to the hotel for having breakfast, take shower, packing, loading bags into the vehicle and then transfer you to Ijen Hotel In Banyuwangi (the city of ijen crater located), it takes about 6 hours driving (include stop on the way for have lunch) – Surabaya Bromo Ijen Bali Tour

Mount Bromo Milky Way Tour (optional Tour)

If the weather is good enough, you will have a chance to do optional tour program for Mount Bromo Milky Way Tours in Bromo area. This trip will be begun at midnight time from your hotel in Bromo (around at 1:00 am) and we will drive by 4WD vehicle or jeep to reach the Bromo photography point of view which is best point to see.

Day 03: Ijen Blue Fire Tour – Sukamade Turtle Beach 

Kawah Ijen Blue Lava IndoensiaAround at 00:30 in the morning, our 4WD vehicle (jeep) will bring us to the village of Licin and then continue to the slope of Mount Ijen, passing through plantations and rainforest. This is one of the few remaining on the Island of Java with giant ferns, plants & big trees, this journey takes approximately 1 hour from the hotel by private car. Arrive at the parking area of Mount Ijen, approximately 1 until 1.5 hours will be required to ascend slope of mount Ijen to reach peak of Ijen Crater and along the path, you will enjoy the stunning natural scenery with fresh air & shady. Resting on the edge of the crater at an altitude of 2883 meters and enjoy best panorama of Ijen Blue Lava. The sulfur mining workers go down into the crater and climb back up by passing dangerous path on the edge of Ijen Crater with the load as much as 80 kilograms on their shoulders. This is really a dangerous & hard job. Here also, you will enjoy the beautiful scenery in the crater of Ijen as one of God’s amazing creation. Do not forget to take pictures in this area as a proof that you have visited one of the most amazing places on earth.

After enjoyed the natural scenery at Crater of Ijen and then you will descend the slope of Mount Ijen until vehicles parking area where our vehicle is waiting to escort you back to the City of Banyuwangi and then we will continue our trip to reach the Sukamade Green Turtle Beach. It takes for about 3-4 hours driving by 4WD vehicle/ or jeep to reach Sukamade Beach by crossing rain forest and small rivers by our special vehicle adventures. Lunch will be served at local restaurant on the way to reach area of Sukamade Turtle Beach and on this date, you will have dinner & overnight stay at the Guesthouse nearby and return to the beach at night for turtle spotting

Sukamade Turtle Beach: Sukamade beach is about 97 km to southwest of Banyuwangi. It is natural and quiet, beautiful place. Dutch discovered it in 1927. The 1200 hectare estate is an active plantation that produces rubber, coffee and cacao. Sukamade is the east Java Natural Resource Conservation which is in charge of the turtle’s perpetuation. A night adventure tour to Sukamade is an unforgettable trip. You will be guided by a natural resource to find sea turtles come to a shore to lay eggs. You can see a female turtle lays more than one hundred eggs on the sandy beach. The female turtles usually start landing at 7:30 PM and return to the sea at 12:00PM.

Sukamade TourHow you can reach Sukamade Turtle Beach: We will use jeep (4WD vehicle) to reach this place & the road to Sukamade is worth for the people who want to get the real adventure trip. It is one of best Java adventure trail for exploring southern coast of Banyuwangi. crossing the rivers, exploring the rural landscapes & passing rainforest. Along the way to visit this place the visitors can stop at the beautiful place as known as Rajegwesi & the green bay (Teluk Hijau) with its beautiful cliff around. Here, also you will have a chance for a dawn excursion to see animals on the savannah. This place is virgin forest forest with white sandy beach & natural view which is located on the southern tip of Banyuwangi, East Java-Indonesia.

Accommodation in Sukamade Beach: Condition here is very basic, but more often for the people who visited this place will recommend to others to visit Sukamade Beach when they are in Banyuwangi and sometime, they intend to come back to get an experience exceedingly rare & unique. On this date, you will stay overnight & having dinner at the lodge or guesthouse in Sukamade Beach.

Day 04: Sukamade Turtle Beach – Hotel in Kalibaru Highland 

After breakfast in Sukamade guesthouse, then spend the morning for exploring the surroundings of Sukamade. This is virgin area & without crowded. Go and a dip in crystal clear waters nearby river. Afterward, we will continue our trip to Kalibaru highland for about 3-4 hours by passing small cities, rural landscape, rice fields & plantations then upon arrival at Kalibaru Highland you will stay overnight and having dinner at Margo Utomo Cottages or similar hotel where located in the middle of any kind of plantations (Coffee, Rubber & Cocoa plantations) with nice hill view.

Optional Reccommended Tour

During on the way from Sukamade To Kalibaru, You will have chance Green Bay Beach and Red Island Beach Banyuwangi. Both of these beach are top icon tourism object in Banyuwangi East Java Indonesia

Day 05: Hotel in Kalibaru Highland  – Surabaya/Malang

At about 07:30 after breakfast we will transfer you to Surabaya/malang, it takes about 7 hours driving. Tour Services Finish

Inclusions :
~ Transportation private car with AC is dedicated for you (not on a shared basis)
~ Gasoline cost
~ All highway, parking fees
~ Private Driver
~ Guide Speaking English
~ Sunrise tour at Mount Penanjakan Bromo
~ Plantation tours
~ Ijen blue fire tours
~ 4WD jeep for Bromo Tours.
~ 4WD jeep for  Ijen crater tours
~ 4WD jeep for  Sukamade Tours
~ Hotel around Mount Bromo (SM Bromo, Yosci Hotel, Bromo Permai Hotel or similar hotel around)
~ Hotel in Banyuwangi Regency (Mirah Hotel, Watudodol Hotel or similar Hotel around)
~ Hotel In Kalibaru City
~ Guest House in Sukamade
~ Rangers/Local Guide at Sukamade
~ Releasing Tukik (Baby Turtle) at sukamade
~ Breakfast at the Hotel, Mineral water, gass mask for blue fire tour

Discount Optional Tour Program For Free
~ Visiting factory of palm sugar at Sukamade.
~ Visiting Green Bay & Rajegwesi Beach during on the way from Kalibaru to sukamade (recommended).

What is not included :
~ The admission at Bromo,ijen & Sukamade are not  included
~ Horse riding to cross the sea of sand in Mt Bromo (you can do it on foot)
~ Personal expenses (Bar, Laundry, tips, etc)
~ Airport tax, Travel Insurance, Optional Tour, Porter
~ lunch and dinner during the trip

Optional Tour Program
~ Visiting Madakaripura Waterfall
~ Visiting Kampung Anyar Waterfall Banyuwangi

Bromo Ijen Frequently Asked Question

Need more information on Mount Bromo & Ijen Crater? Read through our Mount Bromo Travel Guide & Ijen Crater Travel Guide. get them answered!

Optional Tour Program, You may also like:

Back

 

1 Day Bromo Tour

1 Day Bromo Tour

1 Day Bromo Tour is Bromo tour to visit Bromo in one day tour, from Surabaya, without stay overnight at any hotel in Bromo area, 1 Day Bromo Tour start from Juanda Surabaya Airport or from your hotels where you stay overnight at Surabaya, also from train Station in Surabaya. Bromo One Day Tour is suitable tour/trip for the people who have no much time in Surabaya, or visit Bromo and without sunrise in Bromo .

1 day bromo tourMount Bromo

Mount Bromo, one of the top travel destinations in East Java Indonesia, is an active volcano situated in a surreal but spectacular massive caldera. While very busy with tourists, almost to the point of being a put-off at the sunrise viewpoints, it is definitely still worth a visit. The active volcano sits inside the gargantuan Tengger caldera – with a total diameter of around 10 km – and is surrounded by the Laut Pasir (Sea of Sand) that’s made up of fine volcanic sand. The overall setting is a sight to see – serene and beautifully other-wordly in stark comparison to the lush green valleys that surround the caldera.

1 Day Bromo Tour Itinerary

During your tour in day time we still could enjoy the beauty of Bromo and visit Mt Bromo as normally and Bromo Day Tour Package organized on clients request and by depart in the morning at 07.00 from your hotel in Surabaya and go back in evening at 18.00 to Surabaya .

07:00 Am Our staff will pick you up from any place in Surabaya, Malang or Probolinggo hotel, train station or airport. We will drive directly to Cemoro Lawang Village Bromo (The village at rim of Mt Bromo Area) which is well known as the most widest caldera in Indonesia (with 8 x 5 KM diameters of the rim caldera on the height of 2000 meters above sea level). 3-4 hours driving and it depend on the trafic jam.

Mount Bromo10.00 we arrivel at Cemoro Lawang village then 4WD jeep will bring us to Mount Penanjakan by passing through the sea of sand. Mt Pananjakan Peaks is the most fantastic panoramic view of Mt. Bromo and Mt Semeru on the 2600 meters above sea levels. Do not forget to take photo and enjoy bromo landscape

12.00 4WD jeep will bring you down the hill and passing through the Sand Sea (Lautan Pasir). then from there you will trek mt bromo with climb up 250 steps into the peak of Mt. Bromo to see the crater. Enjoy amazing of Mount Bromo Crater Lake.

13.30 After satisfied we will be back to cemoro lawang village then we will transfer you back to Surabaya, going back to Surabaya that need approximately 3,5 hours driving.

17.00 Transfer to hotel, airport or train station in Surabaya. Tour services finish.

Bromo Travel Guide

Need More Information On Mount Bromo? When is the best time to visit? Things to do? etc. Read trought Bromo Travel Guide and get answered.

You might also like:

Back

Mount Bromo Sunrise Tour

Mount Bromo Sunrise

Mount Bromo Sunrise Tour have best volcanoes view and sunrise views. Mount Bromo is still one of the most active volcanoes in the world and there are areas that are blocked off from tourists due to its imminent danger. It sits inside the massive Tengger caldera (volcanic crater with a diameter approximately 10km), surrounded by the Laut Pasir (sea of sand) of fine volcanic sand. After an easy hike, travelers are awarded a breathtaking and ethereal landscape during the sunrise

bromo sunrise

The Best Places to Enjoy Mount Bromo Sunrise

There are many spot to see Mount Bromo Sunrise. The most popular spot is Mount Penanjakan Bromo. Every visitors who want to do Mount Bromo Trekking Tour. They will go to Mount Penanjakan to see the Sunrise Bromo First and after that they will do Mount Bromo Trekking Tour, they will walk around 1.5 km with crossing sea of sand Bromo to the summit of Mount Bromo then they will presented with a beauty Bromo Volcanoe lake.

1. Mount Bromo Sunrise Tour At Penanjakan Point

Mount Bromo Sunrise Tour At Penanjakan Poin is the popular spot at Mount Bromo areas. You can reach Mount Penanjakan around 40 Minutes from Cemoro Lawang Village by 4WD Jeep. Avoid to visit this poin in the weekend of holiday because it will be crowded. And you will see nothing, why..? because there will be lots of visitor local and foreign so you will not able to see the sunrise but you will only see thousands visitors.

Mount Bromo Travel Guide: Bromo Tour, Best Time To Visit

2. Mount Bromo Sunrise Tour At Kingkong Hill Bromo

To see sunrise at Kingkong Hill Bromo is the spot that we recommended. The location is before Pananjakan. Not as popular as Pananjakan, Kingkong Hill give you the best place to see the sunrise because this place is not too crowded. Before Kingkong hill, there is also a place that can see the sunrise. It’s called Love Hill. But we still recommend the Kingkong hill to see the sunrise in Bromo.

3. Mount Bromo Sunrise Tour At Love hill Bromo

We also recomend you To see Mount Bromo Sunrise Tour at (Bukit Cinta) Love hill in peak season. especially in new years. because there will be a lot of visitors in the holiday season. There are lots of visitors who could not see the sunrise in that moment. so we suggest you to visit the love hill (Bukit Cinta) to see the sun rise, or we advise you to leave the hotel around 3:00 am. But we still recommend the Kingkong hill to see the sunrise in Bromo

Mount Bromo Sunrise Tour Itinerary

Mount Bromo Sunrise Tour From Surabaya with duration 2 Days 1 Night, Disover also  Madakaripura Waterfall Tour, Mount Bromo Sunrise Tour, Bromo Trekking Tour and Bromo Milky Way tour. Best Tour Package Price from Surabaya to Mount Bromo for best sunrise time and enjoy Mount Bromo Tour back to Surabaya or Bali

Day 01: Surabaya To Bromo Hotel

Madakaripura WaterfallMeeting Point at Hotel or Train Station or Surabaya Airport (please let us know where we have to meet you),. Bromo Tour Team will pick you up from the airport then escord you to The Hotel in Cemoro Lawang Village Bromo. then drive to Mount Bromo area with an AC vehicle tourist standard for about 3-4 hours. Upon your arrival in Mt. Bromo area, you will stay at the hotel which is located in the Bromo National Park area before you enjoy sunrise view & Bromo Tours on the next morning

Madakaripura Waterfall Tour (Optional Tour Program)

If you still have enough time & the weather is good enough, you will have a chance to visit Madakaripura waterfall during the way from Surabaya to your hotel in Mt Bromo.

Day 02: Bromo Sunrise Tour, Bromo Trekking Tour – Back to Surabaya

Around At 3:30 am 4WD (JEEP) to bring us to reach parking area in Mount Pananjakan Bromo. Bromo Sunrise at Mount Penanjakan the most amazing views in the world! That’s fair enough reason to get ready as quickly as possible and set off on a hike in darkness alongside few others. Most tourist opt for easy organised jeep tour to take them to the Mount Bromo (2392 m) and Penanjakan viewpoint (2700 m). It take about 45 minute driving. Afterward, you are required to walk till the place as known as view point to see sunrise with its young volcanic including Mount Bromo and an active Mount Semeru as background.

Note: We suggest you to visit Kingkong Hill Point for sunrise tour, Kingkong Hill give you best views for Mount Bormo also Sunrise.  If it is not foggy, the sunlight when the sunrise will play light shadow which it come up from the sidelines of the mountains and it will give impression like unforgettable Holiday.

bromo ijen toursAfterward, your trip will continue to the amazing view on the slope of Mt. Bromo by passing sea of sand. Our jeep will bring us to continue our trip to reach the parking area of mount bromo trekking. you are required to cross seas sand on the slope of Mt. Bromo by horse riding or on foot (it is optional) till reach the stairs up (more than 250 stairs) at the slope of Mt Bromo which it will lead you to reach peak of Mt Bromo.

After satisfied to enjoy nice view in Mt. Bromo and around at at 08:00, we will escort you back to the hotel for having breakfast, take shower, packing, loading bags into the vehicle and then transfer you bak to Surabaya. It take about 3-4 hours driving & it depend on the trafick jam. our tour service complete.

Mount Bromo Milky Way (Optional Tour)

If the weather is good enough, you will have a chance to do Bromo Milky Way Tour/Mount Bromo Stargazing Tour in Bromo area. This trip will be begun at midnight time from your hotel in Bromo (around at 1:00 am) and we will use 4WD vehicle or jeep to reach the place which is best point to see Milky Way in Mount Bromo area. If you are interested to do this trip, you are required to inform us in advance & there will be extra cost to do this optional tour program

Bromo Travel Guide

Need More Information On Mount Bromo? When is the best time to visit? Things to do? etc. Read trought Bromo Travel Guide and get answered.

You might also like:

Back

 

Surabaya Ijen Tour

Surabaya Ijen Tour

Surabaya Ijen Tour

Surabaya Ijen Tour Package, Visit Ijen Crater With Blue Fire From Surabaya. Surabaya to Ijen Crater East Java Indoneisa To Enjoy Ijen Blue Fire with duration 2 Days 1 Night with Best cheap price. Ijen Blue Fire Tour is one of the most recommended Ijen Crater Tour Package before visiting Ijen Volcano or Ijen Crater or indonesia neme Kawah Ijen.

Blue Lava at Kawah Ijen is uniq, This blue glow unusual for a volcano, The glow is actually the light from the combustion of sulfuric gases, Grunewald explained. Those gases emerge from cracks in the volcano at high pressure and temperature—up to 1,112°F (600°C). When they come in contact with the air, they ignite, sending flames up to 16 feet (5 meters) high.

Surabaya Ijen Tour Itinerary

Day 01: SURABAYA TO IJEN CRATER HOTEL
Our driver will pick you up from your hotel in Surabaya or Train Station or Surabaya Airport in the morning then drive you to Banyuwangi Regency, it takes around 7 hours drive from Malang city. And when you arrive in Banyuwangi, we will take you to Ketapang Indah hotel for check-in. Then free leisure and overnight at Ketapang Indah Hotel.

Ijen Crater Tour

Day 02: IJEN BY NIGHT | TREK & CLIMB | BLUE FIRE TOUR
Ijen Crater Tour Team will pick you up from your Hotel, Train Station or Aiport in Banyuwangi. around 00:30 Midnight, our 4WD vehicle (jeep) will bring us to the village of Licin and then continue to the slope of Mount Ijen, passing through plantations and rainforest. It takes about 1.5 hours to the Patuding (Starting Point Trekking Ijen). Arrive at the parking area of Mount Ijen (Paltuding), approximately 1 until 1.5 hours will be required to ascend slope of mount Ijen to reach peak of Ijen Crater and along the path, you will enjoy the stunning natural scenery with fresh air & shady. enjoying Ijen Crater Tour with Resting on the edge of the crater at an altitude of 2883 meters and enjoy best panorama of the the BLUE FIRE where reflects spectacular view in the surrounding walls to give the impression like doom.

The sulfur mining workers go down into the crater and 1climb back up by passing dangerous path on the edge of Ijen Crater with the load as much as 80 kilograms on their shoulders. This is really a dangerous & hard job. Ijen Crater Tour, you will enjoy the beautiful scenery in the crater of Ijen as one of God’s amazing creation. Do not forget to take pictures in this area as a proof that you have visited one of the most amazing places on earth. After enjoyed the natural scenery at Crater of Ijen and then descend the slope of Mount Ijen until vehicles parking area where our vehicle is waiting for escort you for visiting plantation.

Afterward, After enjoyed the natural scenery at Crater of Ijen and then you will descend the slope of Mount Ijen until vehicles parking area where our vehicle is waiting to escort you back to the City of Banyuwangi with stop for awhile to visit plantations (cloves, cocoa), then continue our trip back to Banyuwangi Port (Ketapang Harbor).

Surabaya Ijen Optional Tour

During on the way from Ijen to Banyuwangi & if you have time, you can visit Plantaion and Jagir Waterfall at Kalibendo Village.

You Might Also Like

Ijen Crater (Travel Guide)

Need more information on Ijen Crater? Read through our Ijen Crater Travel Guide get them answered!

Ijen Blue Fire Tour

Ijen Blue Fire Tour

Ijen Blue Fire Tour

Ijen Blue Fire Tour is one of the most recommended Ijen Crater Tour Package before visiting Ijen Volcano or Ijen Crater or indonesia neme Kawah Ijen. Blue Lava at Kawah Ijen is uniq, This blue glow unusual for a volcano, The glow is actually the light from the combustion of sulfuric gases, Grunewald explained. Those gases emerge from cracks in the volcano at high pressure and temperature—up to 1,112°F (600°C). When they come in contact with the air, they ignite, sending flames up to 16 feet (5 meters) high.

Ijen Blue Fire Tour Itinerary

Ijen Crater Tour Team will pick you up from your Hotel, Train Station or Aiport in Banyuwangi. around 00:30 Midnight, our 4WD vehicle (jeep) will bring us to the village of Licin and then continue to the slope of Mount Ijen, passing through plantations and rainforest. It takes about 1.5 hours to the Patuding (Starting Point Trekking Ijen). Arrive at the parking area of Mount Ijen (Paltuding), approximately 1 until 1.5 hours will be required to ascend slope of mount Ijen to reach peak of Ijen Crater and along the path, you will enjoy the stunning natural scenery with fresh air & shady. enjoying Ijen Crater Tour with Resting on the edge of the crater at an altitude of 2883 meters and enjoy best panorama of the the BLUE FIRE where reflects spectacular view in the surrounding walls to give the impression like doom.

Ijen Crater Blue Fire

The sulfur mining workers go down into the crater and 1climb back up by passing dangerous path on the edge of Ijen Crater with the load as much as 80 kilograms on their shoulders. This is really a dangerous & hard job. Ijen Crater Tour, you will enjoy the beautiful scenery in the crater of Ijen as one of God’s amazing creation. Do not forget to take pictures in this area as a proof that you have visited one of the most amazing places on earth. After enjoyed the natural scenery at Crater of Ijen and then descend the slope of Mount Ijen until vehicles parking area where our vehicle is waiting for escort you for visiting plantation.

Afterward, After enjoyed the natural scenery at Crater of Ijen and then you will descend the slope of Mount Ijen until vehicles parking area where our vehicle is waiting to escort you back to the City of Banyuwangi with stop for awhile to visit plantations (cloves, cocoa), then continue our trip back to Banyuwangi.

Optional Tour Of Ijen Blue Fire Tour
During on the way from Ijen to Banyuwangi & if you have time, you can visit Plantaion and Jagir Waterfall at Kalibendo Village.

You Might Also Like

  • Ijen Blue Fire Tour From Surabaya
  • Ijen Blue Fire Tour From Bali
  • Ijen Blue Fire Tour From Banyuwangi

Ijen Crater (Travel Guide)

Need more information on Ijen Crater? Read through our Ijen Crater Travel Guide get them answered!

Back to Ijen Bromo Tours

Kawah Ijen Blue Fire Volcano Indonesia

Kawah Ijen Blue Fire Volcano Indonesia

Ijen Blue FireKawah Ijen Blue Fire is Top recommended volcano destination in East Java Indonesia. Ijen Crater offer amazing mesmerizing electric blue fire (Ijen Crater Blue Fire), streaming down the mountain during the night, a turquoise, tranquil, but highly toxic lake with a sunrise that leaves you in awe with various shades of pink and purple as a backdrop. Ijen Plateau, known as “Kawah Ijen“, is a volcano complex located in Banyuwangi East Java Indonesia and is regarded as one of the unmissable sights in Indonesia. Ijen is a quiet but active volcano, set amidst a stunning landscape of volcanic cones and a beautiful turquoise coloured sulfur lake.

1. Kawah Ijen Blue Fire Based By photographer Olivier Grunewald

For several years Paris-based photographer Olivier Grunewald has been documenting the Kawah Ijen volcano in Indonesia, where dazzling, electric-blue fire can often be seen streaming down the mountain at night.

This blue glow unusual for a volcano, The glow is actually the light from the combustion of sulfuric gases, Grunewald explained.

Those gases emerge from cracks in the volcano at high pressure and temperature—up to 1,112°F (600°C). When they come in contact with the air, they ignite, sending flames up to 16 feet (5 meters) high.

Some of the gases condense into liquid sulfur, “which continues to burn as it flows down the slopes,” said Grunewald, “giving the feeling of lava flowing.”

2. Kawah Ijen Blue Fire Cynthia Werner

Kawah Ijen Blue Lava IndoensiaCynthia Werner, a research geologist with the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) at the Alaska Volcano Observatory, told National Geographic that Grunewald’s photos show an unusual phenomenon.

“I’ve never seen this much sulfur flowing at a volcano,” she said.

Werner noted that forest fires in Yellowstone National Park have caused similar “rivers,” as heat from the blazes melted the sulfur around hydrothermal vents.

“When you go to Yellowstone, you can see their traces as black lines,” she said.

According to Werner, it’s relatively common to find molten sulfur around volcanic fumaroles (hot vents). The mineral has a relatively low melting point of 239°F (115°C), and the temperature at the hot vents often exceeds that.

Kawah Ijen Crater Lake
Kawah Ijen Crater Lake, at the top of the volcano, is the world’s largest such body of water filled with hydrochloric acid. In fact, it’s the acid that makes the water green.

Werner explained how the lake became so acidic: The volcano emitted hydrogen chloride gas, which reacted with the water and formed a highly condensed hydrochloric acid with a pH of almost 0.

The lake has a volume of 1.3 billion cubic feet (36 million cubic meters), or about 1/320 of the volume of Oregon’s Crater Lake.

Ijen Sulfur3. Sulfur At Kawah Ijen Volcano

Sulfur or sulphur is a chemical element with symbol S and atomic number 16. It is abundant, multivalent, and nonmetallic. Under normal conditions, sulfur atoms form cyclic octatomic molecules with a chemical formula S8. Elemental sulfur is a bright yellow crystalline solid at room temperature.

As the burning gases cool, they deposit sulfur around the lake.To speed up the formation of the mineral, a mining company installed ceramic pipes on an active vent near the edge of the lake, said John Pallister, a USGS geologist who has studied the volcano.

The pipes route the sulfur gases down the vent’s sloping mound. When the gases cool, they condense into liquid sulfur, which then flows or drips from the pipes and solidifies into hard sulfur mats. After the solid sulfur cools, the miners break it up and haul it off the mountain on their backs. This article of nationalgeography

Optional Tour

Ijen Crater (Travel Guide)

Need more information on Ijen Crater? Read through our Ijen Crater Travel Guide get them answered!
Back to Ijen Bromo Tours