Kawah Ijen Blue Fire Volcano Indonesia

Kawah Ijen Blue Fire Volcano Indonesia

Ijen Blue FireKawah Ijen Blue Fire is Top recommended volcano destination in East Java Indonesia. Ijen Crater offer amazing mesmerizing electric blue fire (Ijen Crater Blue Fire), streaming down the mountain during the night, a turquoise, tranquil, but highly toxic lake with a sunrise that leaves you in awe with various shades of pink and purple as a backdrop. Ijen Plateau, known as “Kawah Ijen“, is a volcano complex located in Banyuwangi East Java Indonesia and is regarded as one of the unmissable sights in Indonesia. Ijen is a quiet but active volcano, set amidst a stunning landscape of volcanic cones and a beautiful turquoise coloured sulfur lake.

1. Kawah Ijen Blue Fire Based By photographer Olivier Grunewald

For several years Paris-based photographer Olivier Grunewald has been documenting the Kawah Ijen volcano in Indonesia, where dazzling, electric-blue fire can often be seen streaming down the mountain at night.

This blue glow unusual for a volcano, The glow is actually the light from the combustion of sulfuric gases, Grunewald explained.

Those gases emerge from cracks in the volcano at high pressure and temperature—up to 1,112°F (600°C). When they come in contact with the air, they ignite, sending flames up to 16 feet (5 meters) high.

Some of the gases condense into liquid sulfur, “which continues to burn as it flows down the slopes,” said Grunewald, “giving the feeling of lava flowing.”

2. Kawah Ijen Blue Fire Cynthia Werner

Kawah Ijen Blue Lava IndoensiaCynthia Werner, a research geologist with the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) at the Alaska Volcano Observatory, told National Geographic that Grunewald’s photos show an unusual phenomenon.

“I’ve never seen this much sulfur flowing at a volcano,” she said.

Werner noted that forest fires in Yellowstone National Park have caused similar “rivers,” as heat from the blazes melted the sulfur around hydrothermal vents.

“When you go to Yellowstone, you can see their traces as black lines,” she said.

According to Werner, it’s relatively common to find molten sulfur around volcanic fumaroles (hot vents). The mineral has a relatively low melting point of 239°F (115°C), and the temperature at the hot vents often exceeds that.

Kawah Ijen Crater Lake
Kawah Ijen Crater Lake, at the top of the volcano, is the world’s largest such body of water filled with hydrochloric acid. In fact, it’s the acid that makes the water green.

Werner explained how the lake became so acidic: The volcano emitted hydrogen chloride gas, which reacted with the water and formed a highly condensed hydrochloric acid with a pH of almost 0.

The lake has a volume of 1.3 billion cubic feet (36 million cubic meters), or about 1/320 of the volume of Oregon’s Crater Lake.

Ijen Sulfur3. Sulfur At Kawah Ijen Volcano

Sulfur or sulphur is a chemical element with symbol S and atomic number 16. It is abundant, multivalent, and nonmetallic. Under normal conditions, sulfur atoms form cyclic octatomic molecules with a chemical formula S8. Elemental sulfur is a bright yellow crystalline solid at room temperature.

As the burning gases cool, they deposit sulfur around the lake.To speed up the formation of the mineral, a mining company installed ceramic pipes on an active vent near the edge of the lake, said John Pallister, a USGS geologist who has studied the volcano.

The pipes route the sulfur gases down the vent’s sloping mound. When the gases cool, they condense into liquid sulfur, which then flows or drips from the pipes and solidifies into hard sulfur mats. After the solid sulfur cools, the miners break it up and haul it off the mountain on their backs. This article of nationalgeography

Optional Tour

Ijen Crater (Travel Guide)

Need more information on Ijen Crater? Read through our Ijen Crater Travel Guide get them answered!
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Surabaya Bromo Ijen Sukamade Bali Tours 4D

Surabaya Bromo Ijen Sukamade Bali Tours 4D

Java Adventure Trail for Surabaya Bromo Ijen Bali 4 days Tours. Trip from Malang or Surabaya to get Ijen Tours, Sukamade Beach Tours, Bromo Tours. Discover Best Java Holiday Tour and enjoy Bromo Sunrise, Ijen Blue Fire and Adventure vacation at Sukamade turtle beach Banyuwangi East Java Indonesia

Surabaya Bromo Ijen Sukamade Bali

Day 01: Surabaya To Mount Bromo Hotel

Meeting Point at Hotel at your hotel/train station or airport in Surabaya. Our staff will pick you up then escort you to the Hotel in Cemoro Lawang Village Bromo. it will take about 3-4 hours by private car including stop having lunch at local restauran. upon arrival in Cemoro lawang Village Bromo area you will stay overnight where located on the rim of Mt Bromo.

Madakaripura Waterfall (optional tour)

If you still have enough time & the weather is good enough, you will have a chance to visit Madakaripura waterfall during the way from Malang or Surabaya to your hotel in Mt Bromo area but for entrance tickets & local guide at Madakaripura waterfall will be your own cost.

Mount Bromo Sunrise

Day 02: Bromo Sunrise Tour, Bromo Trekking Tour –  To Ijen Hotel

Around At 3:30 am 4WD (JEEP) to bring us to reach parking area in Mount Pananjakan Bromo. Bromo Sunrise at Mount Penanjakan the most amazing views in the world! That’s fair enough reason to get ready as quickly as possible and set off on a hike in darkness alongside few others. Most tourist opt for easy organised jeep tour to take them to the Mount Bromo (2392 m) and Penanjakan viewpoint (2700 m). It take about 45 minute driving. Afterward, you are required to walk till the place as known as view point to see sunrise with its young volcanic including Mount Bromo and an active Mount Semeru as background.

Note: We suggest you to visit Kingkong Hill Point for sunrise tour, Kingkong Hill give you best views for Mount Bormo also Sunrise.  If it is not foggy, the sunlight when the sunrise will play light shadow which it come up from the sidelines of the mountains and it will give impression like unforgettable Holiday.

Mount Bromo Travel Guide: Bromo Tour, Best Time To Visit

Afterward, your trip will continue to the amazing view on the slope of Mt. Bromo by passing sea of sand. Our jeep will bring us to continue our trip to reach the parking area of mount bromo trekking. you are required to cross seas sand on the slope of Mt. Bromo by horse riding or on foot (it is optional) till reach the stairs up (more than 250 stairs) at the slope of Mt Bromo which it will lead you to reach peak of Mt Bromo.

After satisfied to enjoy nice view in Mt. Bromo and around at at 08:00, we will escort you back to the hotel for having breakfast, take shower, packing, loading bags into the vehicle and then transfer you to Ijen Hotel In Banyuwangi (the city of ijen crater located), it takes about 6 hours driving (include stop on the way for have lunch) – Surabaya Bromo Ijen Bali Tour

Mount Bromo Milky Way Tour (optional Tour)

If the weather is good enough, you will have a chance to do optional tour program for Mount Bromo Milky Way Tours in Bromo area. This trip will be begun at midnight time from your hotel in Bromo (around at 1:00 am) and we will drive by 4WD vehicle or jeep to reach the Bromo photography point of view which is best point to see.

Day 03: Ijen Blue Fire Tour – Sukamade Turtle Beach 

Around at 00:30 in the morning, our 4WD vehicle (jeep) will bring us to the village of Licin and then continue to the slope of Mount Ijen, passing through plantations and rainforest. This is one of the few remaining on the Island of Java with giant ferns, plants & big trees, this journey takes approximately 1 hour from the hotel by private car. Arrive at the parking area of Mount Ijen, approximately 1 until 1.5 hours will be required to ascend slope of mount Ijen to reach peak of Ijen Crater and along the path, you will enjoy the stunning natural scenery with fresh air & shady. Resting on the edge of the crater at an altitude of 2883 meters and enjoy best panorama of Ijen Blue Lava. The sulfur mining workers go down into the crater and climb back up by passing dangerous path on the edge of Ijen Crater with the load as much as 80 kilograms on their shoulders. This is really a dangerous & hard job. Here also, you will enjoy the beautiful scenery in the crater of Ijen as one of God’s amazing creation. Do not forget to take pictures in this area as a proof that you have visited one of the most amazing places on earth.

Kawah Ijen Blue Lava Indoensia

After enjoyed the natural scenery at Crater of Ijen and then you will descend the slope of Mount Ijen until vehicles parking area where our vehicle is waiting to escort you back to the City of Banyuwangi and then we will continue our trip to reach the Sukamade Green Turtle Beach. It takes for about 3-4 hours driving by 4WD vehicle/ or jeep to reach Sukamade Beach by crossing rain forest and small rivers by our special vehicle adventures. Lunch will be served at local restaurant on the way to reach area of Sukamade Turtle Beach and on this date, you will have dinner & overnight stay at the Guesthouse nearby and return to the beach at night for turtle spotting

Sukamade Turtle Beach: Sukamade beach is about 97 km to southwest of Banyuwangi. It is natural and quiet, beautiful place. Dutch discovered it in 1927. The 1200 hectare estate is an active plantation that produces rubber, coffee and cacao. Sukamade is the east Java Natural Resource Conservation which is in charge of the turtle’s perpetuation. A night adventure tour to Sukamade is an unforgettable trip. You will be guided by a natural resource to find sea turtles come to a shore to lay eggs. You can see a female turtle lays more than one hundred eggs on the sandy beach. The female turtles usually start landing at 7:30 PM and return to the sea at 12:00PM.

Sukamade Tour

How you can reach Sukamade Turtle Beach: We will use jeep (4WD vehicle) to reach this place & the road to Sukamade is worth for the people who want to get the real adventure trip. It is one of best Java adventure trail for exploring southern coast of Banyuwangi. crossing the rivers, exploring the rural landscapes & passing rainforest. Along the way to visit this place the visitors can stop at the beautiful place as known as Rajegwesi & the green bay (Teluk Hijau) with its beautiful cliff around. Here, also you will have a chance for a dawn excursion to see animals on the savannah. This place is virgin forest forest with white sandy beach & natural view which is located on the southern tip of Banyuwangi, East Java-Indonesia.

Accommodation in Sukamade Beach: Condition here is very basic, but more often for the people who visited this place will recommend to others to visit Sukamade Beach when they are in Banyuwangi and sometime, they intend to come back to get an experience exceedingly rare & unique. On this date, you will stay overnight & having dinner at the lodge or guesthouse in Sukamade Beach.

Day 04: Sukamade Turtle Beach – Bali

After breakfast in Sukamade guesthouse, then spend the morning for exploring the surroundings of Sukamade. This is virgin area & without crowded. Go and a dip in crystal clear waters nearby river. Afterward, we will continue our trip to Bali by passing small cities, rural landscape, rice fields & plantations.

Optional Reccommended Tour
During on the way from Sukamade To Kalibaru, You will have chance to visit Green Bay Beach  Banyuwangi. It is ne of top icon tourism object in Banyuwangi East Java Indonesia

Price include:
~ Transportation private car with AC is dedicated for you (not on a shared basis)
~ Gasoline cost
~ All highway, parking fees
~ Private Driver
~ Guide Speaking English
~ Sunrise tour at Mount Penanjakan Bromo
~ Plantation tours
~ Ijen blue fire tours
~ 4WD jeep for Bromo Tours.
~ 4WD jeep for  Ijen crater tours
~ 4WD jeep for  Sukamade Tours
~ Hotel around Mount Bromo (SM Bromo, Yosci Hotel, Bromo Permai Hotel or similar hotel around)
~ Hotel in Banyuwangi Regency (Mirah Hotel, Watudodol Hotel or similar Hotel around)
~ Guest House in Sukamade
~ Rangers/Local Guide at Sukamade
~ Releasing Tukik (Baby Turtle) at sukamade
~ Ferry Fare & Private transport from Gilimanuk port to your hotel in Bali
~ Breakfast at the Hotel, Mineral water, gass mask for blue fire tour
Discount Optional Tour Program For Free
~ Visiting factory of palm sugar at Sukamade.
~ Visiting Green Bay & Rajegwesi Beach during on the way from Kalibaru to sukamade (recommended).
What is not included :
~ The admission at Bromo,ijen & Sukamade are not  included
~ Horse riding to cross the sea of sand in Mt Bromo (you can do it on foot)
~ Personal expenses (Bar, Laundry, tips, etc)
~ Airport tax, Travel Insurance, Optional Tour, Porter
~ lunch and dinner during the trip

Travel Guide

Need more information on Mount Bromo & Ijen Crater? Read through our Mount Bromo Travel Guide & Ijen Crater Travel Guide. get them answered!

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