Kawah Ijen Volcano, Facts You Need To Know – Guide & information
The Ijen volcano complex is a group of composite volcanoes in the Banyuwangi Regency of East Java, Indonesia. So what makes Kawah Ijen volcano so special? Kawah Ijen is an extremely rare volcano that actually erupts electric blue flames from its crater. But the catch is, it’s only visible at night! That means in order to see it, you have to wake up in the middle of the night, drive to the base of the volcano, and hike up in complete darkness. It’s completely worth it though, and I would recommend anyone and everyone to see it.
Kawah Ijen Location
So what makes Kawah Ijen volcano so special? I’m glad you asked. Kawah Ijen is an extremely rare volcano that actually erupts electric blue flames from its crater. But the catch is, it’s only visible at night! That means in order to see it, you have to wake up in the middle of the night, drive to the base of the volcano, and hike up in complete darkness. It’s completely worth it though, and I would recommend anyone and everyone to see it.
Sulfur At Kawah Ijen Volcano
There is a sulfur mine in this active volcano. This sulfur mine is the largest in Indonesia managed under the authority of PT. Candi Ngribi. Every day there are about 200 workers as porters of the peluls carrying sulfur chunks by the way borne.
What is the use of sulfur?
Sulfurs that has been collected will be processed into various products, elemental sulfur is used in black gunpowder, matches, and fireworks; in the vulcanization of rubber; as a fungicide, insecticide, and fumigant; in the manufacture of phosphate fertilizers; and in the treatment of certain skin diseases.
Blue Flame At Kawah Ijen
Do not be fooled, the term blue flame is not the real fire! It is a natural phenomenon, that sulfur gas coming out of the ground meets with oxygen. The phenomenon is due to the combustion of sulfur gas that contacts with air at temperatures above 360 degrees Celsius, which makes it look like a blue flame.
When was the first Ijen Blue Flame found?
The phenomenon of blue flame at Ijen Crater was first seen by the surrounding community in the 1950s. The best time to see the blue flame is in the early hours of the morning until 5:00 am (In the dark). Because at that time, the oxygen is very good and the blue fire looked perfect. After that time, you may not be able to find this rare phenomenon.
What is the size of the caldera at Kawah Ijen?
Ijen Crater Caldera is the largest in Java Island. The size of the calendar reaches 20 kilometers. The size of the crater itself is about 960 meters x 600 meters with a depth of 200 meters. This crater is located at a depth of more than 300 meters below the caldera wall. besides having a very high acidity level this crater temperature can reach 200 degree celcius. In contrast, the nighttime temperature of cold areas to 2 degrees Celsius.
Other mountains near kawah ijen Volcano?
Kawah Ijen is not alone, because it is surrounded by other mountain, Gunung Rante (2,664 meters above sea level), Mount Raung (3,332 masl), Suket mountain (3332 meters above sea level) and Mount Pendil (2950 masl).
You might also interested: Ijen Crater Travel Guide
Back to Ijen Bromo Tours